Symptoms of Traveler’s Diarrhea usually begin abruptly and include urgent diarrhea, abdominal cramps, nausea and low-grade fever. In the majority of cases, fluid loss is not voluminous and symptoms subside within 3-5 days.
How can you treat traveler’s diarrhea?
Although fluid loss may not be excessive, it is advisable to drink plenty of fluids. For mild diarrhea, drinking isotonic fluids (containing solutes such as sodium and potassium salts) may be the only treatment required.
Bismuth subsalicylate, taken as Pepto-Bismol 60ml (or 2 tablets) four times a day can decrease symptoms. However, this medication should be avoided for those who do not tolerate salicylates, are allergic to aspirin, have kidney problems or are taking anticoagulants, probenecid or methotrexate. Side effects include blackening of the tongue and stool and occasionally nausea, constipation and ringing of the ears.
Diphenoxylate (Lomotil) and loperamide (Imodium) both provide symptomatic relief but should not be used if you have high fever or blood in your stool. These drugs should also be discontinued if symptoms persist longer than 48 hours. Patients with more severe symptoms – more than 3 loose stools within 8 hours, may benefit from antibiotic treatment such as cotrimoxazole, commonly known as Bactrim, ciprofloxacin (Ciprobay) or norfloxacin (Lexinor).
This information is only meant to increase your knowledge and awareness of traveler’s diarrhea. You must seek doctor consultation when the symptoms occur.
Natural remedies for preventing and treating traveler diarrhea
To find out more on how to prevent or treat diarrhea using natural home remedies, click the link below: